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Improving human capital through education is a critical piece of the development puzzle.

PDEL projects have pursued innovative and cost-effective strategies to incorporate technology into the classroom and to improve incentives for successful education outcomes for students and teachers.

Past Projects

Andhra Pradesh School Choice Project

Researcher: Karthik Muralidharan (UC San Diego)
Location: India

Private schools are gaining popularity in developing countries and so are government programs that provide vouchers for poor students to attend them. In India, this project measured the impact of providing vouchers to attend private schools on student learning.

Teacher Performance Pay

Researchers: Karthik Muralidharan (UC San Diego) and Venkatesh Sundararaman (World Bank)
Location: India

Can incentives such as pay for performance improve the educational outcomes? This large-scale evaluation of a teacher performance pay program in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh provides evidence that such incentives may be an effective tool.

Leveraging Technology to Motivate Students

Researcher: Karthik Muralidharan (UC San Diego)
Graduate Student Researcher:
Sarojini Hirshleifer
Location: India

This experiment tested whether student incentives can improve learning outcomes. It relies on a novel technology-based learning platform (KA Lite) as a tool to directly reward student effort through both tangible and non-tangible incentives.


Julian Betts
Department of Economics

Karthik Muralidharan
Department of Economics